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Results show that passive restoration is cost-effective for all study areas on the basis of the services analyzed, whereas the benefits from active restoration are generally outweighed by the relatively high costs involved.These findings were found to be relatively insensitive to discount rate but were sensitive to the market value of carbon. A., Cantarello, E., Echeverría, C., Kitzberger, T., Schiappacassee, I., & Tejedor Garavitoa, N., 2010.Therefore rather than providing a comparative analysis between sites, or longitudinal evaluations, the study is largely descriptive for one or two case study sites within each part of the analysis.
In Zimbabwe financial benefits associated with the presence of rhino on private land catalysed the change in use from livestock to wildlife.
As land uses, they tend to be complementary and not mutually exclusive.
This and other studies have shown that combinations of both non-consumptive and consumptive uses will generate maximum benefits. anna.uk/files/Spenceley & The savanna woodlands are the largest biome in the country, constituting one-third of South Africa.
They enable people to earn a living in otherwise inhospitable areas, and embody valuable genetics for future breeding efforts. org/docrep/012/i1283e/i1283Although ecological restoration is widely used to combat environmental degradation, very few studies have evaluated the cost-effectiveness of this approach.
Nevertheless, these breeds are in danger of disappearing, pushed out by modern production techniques and out-competed by exotic breeds. We examine the potential impact of forest restoration on the value of multiple ecosystem services across four dryland areas in Latin America, by estimating the net value of ecosystem service benefits under different reforestation scenarios.
A series of factors combined to bring about this change, which included an enabling political environment and legislation, support by WWF and appropriate financial assistance, the unsuitability of the habitat for livestock production and co-operation between neighbouring landowners.